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Habitat Restoration and Conservation

Conservation of Georgia’s wildlife diversity requires protection of intact natural habitats as well as restoration or enhancement of habitats that have been negatively impacted by human activities. Habitat restoration includes a wide variety of activities and programs to restore more natural environmental conditions, ecological processes, and species diversity. Examples include prescribed fire programs to restore and maintain fire-adapted communities, improvements in hydrologic conditions to enhance aquatic and wetland habitats, thinning of dense pine stands to improve understory conditions, reintroduction of native plants and animals, and control of invasive species. 

Georgia Wild Nongame E-Newsletter


Funding for Conservation:

State Wildlife Action Plan


Habitat Management:
  • Mountain Bog Restoration
  • Prescribed Fire
  • Forest Stewardship Program Plan Writer’s Tools: This comprehensive technical guidance framework is used by natural resource professionals to provide private forest landowners with on-site verbal recommendations and written management plans. FSP Tools provide standardized low, medium, and high intensity management options for each of Georgia’s 12 major land area types. They help integrate multiple natural resource objectives of individual landowners and ensure quality services.
  • How to Evaluate and Improve Land for Wildlife: This Forest Stewardship Program (FSP) tool aims to help you evaluate forestland conditions for wildlife & then plan for improvements using simple but critical recommendations.
  • Is Your Land Within a Georgia High Priority Restoration Area?: Within Georgia's State Wildlife Action Plan (2005), there are five major conservation themes identified as crucial for maintaining our state's foundation of healthy ecoregions and their biological diversity. This fact sheet explores those areas.
  • Manage Forests with Enhanced Conservation Strategies: Forest Stewardship Program plans prescribe carefully selected conservation practices for specific areas on your land to benefit timber, wildlife and other objectives. Contact your local Georgia Forestry Commission forester to determine if you are eligible to receive a plan.
  • Why Thin and Prescribe Burn Forests: In forests throughout Georgia, combining frequent thins and burns is the most financially and environmentally beneficial action that can be made.  Burning forests in appropriate conditions renews natural plant communities that provide food and cover for wildlife.
  • Herbicide Use in Georgia Forests: This template summarizes why, when, & how to use herbicides to improve forests in Georgia & provides weblinks to important details.
  • Wildlife Openings: Design and Management: Recommendations on how to design and manage wildlife openings.
  • Fallow Field ManagementFallow fields provide early successional habitat for many wildlife species. When a field is abandoned or "fallowed," it quickly begins reverting to forbs and grasses, referred to as early succession.
  • Forest Management for the Gopher Tortoise: Because the gopher tortoise has such a profound impact on the ecosystems where it lives, it is considered a “keystone species” that is critically  important to the survival of many other species and to the health of the overall system. 

Invasive Species Management


Landowner Programs


Technical Reports and Data

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