Bat Conservation in Georgia
Bats are a valuable and fascinating part of Georgia's natural heritage. They provide a beneficial service by foraging on flying insects, many of which are pests. A single bat can eat hundreds of mosquitoes in one hour. They also eat large numbers of moths and beetles that cause agricultural damage.
Georgia is home to 16 species of bats. Some of these appear to be adaptive; they opportunistically roost and forage in altered habitats such as suburban and agricultural landscapes. A few species, however, have specific habitat needs, such as caves with suitable temperature and humidity, or large, hollow bottomland trees. Populations of these species are more vulnerable to habitat alterations and are of conservation concern. Other factors impacting bat populations include pesticides and water quality that impact aquatic-based food supplies, and as of the mid-2000s, a disease known as white-nose syndrome.
First observed in a New York cave in 2006 and documented in early 2007, the condition is named for the fuzzy white fungus that grows on the wings and muzzles of infected bats as they attempt to hibernate in caves. The bats become active and burn up fat reserves before their normal awakening in the spring.
White-nose syndrome, or WNS, has since killed more than an estimated 6 million bats, according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The disease was first documented in Georgia in early 2013, and officials are working with caving and other conservation groups to combat WNS. Learn more about that effort, or click here for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website on white-nose.
Frequently asked questions:
Bat Conservation and Management Inc. provides bat houses, regionwide Indiana bat field work and survey equipment. They also provide information on WNS, including videos (including two -- about three-quarters of the way down the page -- that show what is happening to affected colonies as bats emerge too soon and freeze to death).
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Report poaching and wildlife violations. You can receive a cash reward if your tip leads to an arrest—even if you wish to remain anonymous.