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Waterfowl Management in Georgia

Selected Native Plants to Encourage for Wildlife

Freshwater Emergents - plants that extend above the surface of the water.
Common Name  Scientific Name 
Asiatic Dayflower Aneilema kiesak
Spikerush Eleocharis spp.
Bulrush Scirpus spp.
Wild Millet Echinochloa spp.
Fall Panicum Panicum spp.
Smartweed Polyganum spp.
Flatsedge Cyperus spp.
Redroot Lachnanthes spp.
Arrow Arum Peltandra spp.
Giant Foxtail Setaria magna
Freshwater Pad Plants - plants that only reach the water's surface.
Watershield Brasenia schreberi
White Waterlily Nymphaea odorata
Freshwater Submergents - plants that grow completely below the water's surface
Pondweed Potamogeton spp. and Najas spp.
Muskgrass  Chara spp.


Brackish Water - plants that grow in water with a relatively low salt content.
Widgeongrass Ruppia maritima
Saltmarsh Bulrush Scirpus robustus
Dwarf Spikerush Eleocharis spp.

Bibliography of selected wetland plant identification books:

Aulbach-Smith, C.A. and de Kozlowski, S. J.  1990.  Aquatic and wetland plants of South Carolina.  South carolina Aquatic Plant Management Council and South Carolina Water Resources Commission.  123 pp.

Lewis, G.W. and J. F. Miller.  1984.  Identification and control of weeds in southern ponds. UGA Cooperative Extension Service.  26pp.

Tiner, R. W. 1993.  Field guide to the coastal wetland plants of the southeastern United States.  The University of Massachusetts Press. 328 pp.

Duncan, W. H. and M. B. Duncan.  1987.  The Smithsonian guide to seaside plants of the Gulf and Atlantic coasts from Louisiana to Massachusetts, exclusive of peninsular Florida.  Smithsonian Institution Press.  409 pp.

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